Prevention and counteraction of violations of the rights of vulnerable groups by law enforcement officers
RECOMMENDATIONS TO THE GOVERNMENT OF UKRAINE
Focus the efforts on the development and adoption of Guidelines For The Humanisation Of Policies Towards People Who Use Drugs, and on implementation of laws and practices based on respect for human rights to exclude any manifestations of discrimination or violence against drug addicts and ensure their protection by the law.
Protect personal data and medical information about people who use drugs and the participants of substitution therapy programs, to hide it from law enforcement agencies.
Ensure the confidentiality of all types of drug addiction treatment.
Provide the right for free and high-quality legal assistance for vulnerable persons.
Strengthen control over illegal actions of law enforcement officers against people who use drugs and participants of substitution therapy programs.
Develop mechanisms of personal safety and guarantee confidentiality to enable drug users fearless reporting the cases of violence.
Improve the effectiveness of investigations of misconduct, including the use of violence, by law enforcement officers against vulnerable persons, and bring those responsible to justice.
Provide training for law enforcement officers on drugs use matter, HIV infection, and sex business, as well as on legal and human rights issues.
Encourage law enforcement officials to provide the support for drug users and sex workers for their participation in health programs.
Conduct educational events on legal topics among the people who use drugs.
PREVENTION AND COUNTERACTION OF VIOLATIONS OF THE RIGHTS OF VULNERABLE GROUPS BY LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS
1.Decriminalise the use and storage of a small amount of drugs for personal use, review the table of amounts of narcotic drugs, for the illicit trafficking of which criminal liability occurs, in order to introduce adequate values, eliminate internal systemic barriers to the registration of crimes, shift the focus of police attention to the pursuit of the most socially dangerous acts, to create independent sources of information about the level of crime and the activity of law enforcement agencies.
2.Ensure the direct participation of representatives of vulnerable groups in the protection of their rights, on the regional level as well (regional teams for countering violations of the rights of vulnerable groups of the population), to bring all law enforcement activities to the needs of the population and special social groups in particular, to raise the level of police accountability to the citisens and to enhance the level of trust between people and law enforcement bodies.
3.Improve the efficiency of the police, reorient its activities on the prevention of offenses, redirect offenders to medical and social assistance programs and replace “detection plans” with indicators for social integration and crime reduction, conduct regular training and advanced training for law enforcement officers in accordance with the modern requirements, raise regularly the legal awareness of vulnerable groups, conduct advocacy and educational activities for society.